Proyecto de renovacion virtual de to

Publicado en 'Historia y Cultura Peruana' por peruanoencanada, 27 Abr 2011.





  1. peruanoencanada

    peruanoencanada Miembro maestro

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    !Creo que si!
    Este foro es para recrear todas las huacas del peru en forma virtual, todo el que este interesado esta invitado a participar




    Peligro:
    La seriedad del tema obliga a abtenerse a toda persona negativa o con animos caidos o criticos destructivos, .. El caso omiso a esta advertencia puede hacer que lo baneen inmediatamente



    ----- mensaje añadido, 27-abr-2011 a las 21:26 -----

    Antes que nada necesitamos crear o conseguir un mapa del peru con iconos indicando la existencia de huacas del antiguo peru, para poder asignar la tarea de levantamiento virtual de cada huaca a voluntarios de este foro.
     
    Última edición: 27 Abr 2011


  2. xlikanox

    xlikanox Miembro de bronce

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    no entender detallamelo mejor...
     
  3. peruanoencanada

    peruanoencanada Miembro maestro

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    HAz click en este link y veras el mapa del peru en google donde se muestran las ubicaciones de algunas de las huacas mas importantes del antiguo peru.

    La idea es reconstruir en modo virtual , cada una de las huacas , hasta lograr obtener huacas elevadas en 3D para poder observar cual seria su apariencia original, se espera que se puedan usar programas capaces de hacer este modelamiento virtual , y hay disponibles muchos, como Maya, Autocad, visio etc. que pueden permitir a todo interesado en lograr el objetivo de levantar en 3D la huaca que le asignen o que escoja a voluntad.

    http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&sour...79,-73.608398&spn=18.283031,28.256836&t=h&z=5
     
    Última edición: 27 Abr 2011
  4. peruanoencanada

    peruanoencanada Miembro maestro

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    Para los interesados se ha encontrado disponible en forma gratuita un software que permite realizar la creacion virtual de las huacas; descarguen google sketchup 8 es gratuita desde las paginas de google:

    Google SketchUp 8

    http://sketchup.google.com/download/gsu.html
     
    Última edición: 13 Jun 2011
  5. peruanoencanada

    peruanoencanada Miembro maestro

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    [​IMG]



    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=+3]Feature Articles [/SIZE][/FONT]​


    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=+3]Caral: the oldest town in the New World[/SIZE][/FONT]​

    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]In 2001, the oldest town in South America was officially announced. Dating to 2600 BC, it pushed back the date for the “first town” with one millennium. What is even more intriguing, is that the town of Caral has pyramids, contemporary with the Egyptian Pyramid Era. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-2]Philip Coppens[/SIZE][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1][​IMG]Sometime before 3200 BC, if not 3500 BC, something happened in the Norte Chico in Peru, an agronomical no-go area, where hardly anything grows. This, however, is the site where the oldest traces of a “genuine civilisation” – pyramids included – were found in America. [/SIZE][/FONT]
    [SIZE=-1][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]Here, at least 25 large ceremonial/residential sites have so far been found, of which Caral has become the most famous. The North Chico, roughly 100 km north of the Peruvian capital Lima, consists of four narrow river valleys, from south to north, the Huaura, Supe, Pativilca, and Fortaleza. The ancient pyramids of Caral predate the Inca civilisation by 4000 years, but were flourishing a century before the pyramids of Gizeh. No surprise therefore that they have been identified as the most important archaeological discovery since the discovery of Machu Picchu in 1911. [/FONT][/SIZE]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1]The first full-scale archaeological investigation of the region took place in 1941 in Aspero, when Gordon R. Willey and John M. Corbert of Harvard investigated a salt marsh at the mouth of the Supe. They found a big trash heap and a multiroomed building with no pottery and a few maize cobs under the pounded clay floor. They wondered how maize could have been cultivated in a salt marsh and why these people could have agriculture, yet no pottery. Willey and Corbett also found six mounds, some of them nearly five metres tall. They were catalogued as "natural eminences of sand". Thirty years later, Willey, in the company of Michael E. Moseley, revisited the site and realised that these "natural eminences" were in fact "temple-type platform mounds". He also realised there might have been as many as seventeen such mounds, all of which Willey had missed on his first exploration of the site. "It is an excellent, if embarrassing, example of not being able to find what you are not looking for", he commented later. As to its age: carbondating revealed that Aspero could go back to 3000 BC, whereby samples from a nearby site even revealed a date of 4900 BC. Those objective findings were nevertheless seen as impossible - far too old with "what was known" and hence not accepted.[/SIZE][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1][​IMG]Caral is located 14 miles inland from Aspero. Even though Caral was discovered in 1905, it was quickly forgotten as the site rendered no gold or even ceramics. It required the arrival of Ruth Shady Solis in Caral in 1994 before a genuine paradigm shift would occur. She is a member of the Archaeological Museum of the National University of San Marcos in Lima. Since 1996, she has co-operated with Jonathan Haas, of the American Field Museum. Together, they have found a 150-acre array of earthworks, which includes six large platform mounds, one twenty metres high and more than one hundred on a side. But Shady Solis did not make the same mistake Willey had made: she felt that the “pyramids” were just that: they were not natural hills, as some of her predecessor had catalogued the structures of Caral. Her subsequent research led to the announcement, in the magazine Science on April 27, 2001, of the carbon dating of the site, which revealed that Caral had been founded before 2600 BC. The "impossible" carbondating results of Aspero now seemed more likely... and Caral had become the oldest city in the "New" World, older than the Gizeh pyramids. [/SIZE][/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1]What is Caral like? The site is in fact so old that it predates the ceramic period, the reason why no pottery was found. Its importance resides in its domestication of plants, especially cotton, but also beans, squashes and guava. [/SIZE][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1]As mentioned, the heart of the site covers 150 acres and contains six stone platform mounds – pyramids. The largest mound measures 154 by 138 metres, though it rises only to a height of twenty metres; two sunken plazas are at the base of the mound and a large plaza connects all the mounds. The largest pyramid of Peru was terraced with a staircase leading up to an atrium-like platform, culminating in a flattened top housing enclosed rooms and a ceremonial fire pit. All pyramids were built in one or two phases, which means that there was a definitive plan in erecting these monuments. The design of the central plaza would also later be incorporated in all similar structures across the Andes in the millennia to come – thus showing that Caral was a true cradle of civilisation. Around the pyramids were many residential structures. One house revealed the remains of a body that was buried in the wall and appears to have been a natural death, rather than evidence of human sacrifice. Amongst the artefacts discovered are 32 flutes made from pelican and animal bones, engraved with the figures of birds and monkeys. It shows that though situated along the Pacific coast, its inhabitants were aware of the animals of the Amazon. [/SIZE][/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1][​IMG]How did the culture begin? It is suggested that several small villages merged in 2700 BC, quite possibly based on the success of early agricultural cultivation and fishing techniques. The invention of cotton fishing nets, the cotton grown in the Supe valley, must have greatly facilitated the fishing industry. It is believed that this excess of food might have resulted in trade with the religious centres. But apart from an economic model of exchange, the new social model also meant that a labour force existed that had in essence little to do. This labour force could thus be used for “religious purposes”. Caral might have been the natural result of this process – just like the pyramids of Egypt seem to have been the result of an available workforce. [/SIZE][/FONT]
    [SIZE=-1][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The discovery of Caral has therefore reintroduced a powerful enigma: at the same time, on two different continents, agricultural advancements created a new style of life. The available workforce that agriculture had created was reemployed in the construction of pyramids. This “template” is visible in Peru, Sumer and Egypt, all in the 3rd millennium BC. Coincidence, or evidence of design? Alternative researchers will certainly soon reopen this debate, but archaeologists steer well clear of it. [/FONT][/SIZE]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1]Caral is indeed hard to accept. It is very old. Still, its dating of 2627 BC is beyond dispute, based as it is on carbondating reed and woven carrying bags that were found in situ. These bags were used to carry the stones that were used for the construction of the pyramids. The material is an excellent candidate for dating, thus allowing for a high precision. [/SIZE][/FONT]
    [SIZE=-1][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif]The town itself had a population of approximately 3000 people. But there are 17 other sites in the area, allowing for a possible total population of 20,000 people for the Supe valley. Indeed, the Caral archaeological team broke up to investigate some of the other sites, such as along the Pativilca River, the next river to the north, and the Fortaleza, just north of the Pativilca. All of these sites share similarities with Caral. They have small platforms or stone circles and all were major urban centres on par with Caral – though some of them were even older than Caral. Haas believes that Caral was nevertheless the focus of this civilisation, itself part of an even vaster complex, trading with the coastal communities and the regions further inland – as far as the Amazon, if the depiction of monkeys is any indication.[/FONT][/SIZE]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1][​IMG]Modern irrigation in the Supe valley, which is likely to be very similar to the irrigation methods used in the 3rd millennium BC[/SIZE][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif][SIZE=-1][SIZE=-2].[/SIZE][/SIZE][/FONT] ​